Surname: (Sugar) melon
Latin name: Cucumis melo
Number of species: unknown
growing region: worldwide
Orig. circulation area:
harvest time: all year round
Older: one-year-old plant
calories: about 30kcal per 100g
fruit color: yellow, orange, white
mass: 1 - 4kg
GrцЯe: large fluctuation range (10-30cm diameter possible)
Contained vitamins: Vitamin A, C
Included minerals: Calcium, phosphorus, zinc
Interesting about the melon
The melon describes a plant genus within the pumpkin plants that bear the name of hard shelled shellfish and are cultivated in subtropical and tropical regions around the world. Depending on the variety, the plants thrive in the steppe areas of the African continent, in South America, Asia and the countries of the Mediterranean.
Their name derives from "melo", the ancient Greek word for apple. The annual krautigen plants form several meter long tendrils and deep roots. They have alternate leaves and white or yellow, conspicuous and usually large flowers from which the fruits develop.
Within the genus is between the closely related to the cucumber musk melon (see picture) or Curcumis melo and the watermelon or Citrullus lanatus. Because melon plants are very good for cruising, hundreds of different varieties have been bred over time. Melons, which are actually a vegetable, are world-wide popular and are suitable for the preparation of fruit salads, sweets, ice cream and sorbet as well as as an accompaniment to fish dishes, seafood, poultry and meat.
The widespread watermelon consists of almost 95 percent water and therefore serves in many countries of the world as a water donor and thirst quencher. Its shell is smooth, has shades in several green tans and is often marbled or striped yellow. The flesh is light or intense dark red, the black edible seeds sit singly and distributed throughout the fruit. Watermelons can weigh up to 20 kilograms and are extremely low in sugar and calories.
Sugar melons include several varieties, which include the popular and highly aromatic sweet melons and cantaloupe melons. They weigh up to four kilograms and are about the size of a human's head. In the center of the bright yellow to orange flesh, the white, easily removable cores sit in chambers divided into three compartments. In contrast to watermelons, sugar melons have a grooved, ribbed or scarred patches.
Melons are very nutritious and have a high content of vitamin C and A, beta carotene and minerals such as calcium and phosphorus. In addition to their immune-enhancing properties, melons contain active ingredients that accelerate wound healing, stimulate digestion, protect against free radicals, cardiovascular diseases and cancer, and lower blood pressure.