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Latin name: Musa
Number of species: about 100 species
family: Banana plant
growing region: worldwide in the tropics
Orig. circulation area: presumably West Africa
harvest time: all year round
Wuchshцhe: 2 - 8m
calories: about 90kcal per 100g
fruit color: light yellow
mass: 100 - 350g
GrцЯe: 10 - 50cm long bananas possible
Contained vitamins: Vitamin A, B1, B2, B3, B5, C
Included minerals: Calcium, iron, magnesium, potassium
Interesting about the banana
To the genus of plants banana (Musa) are just under 100 species, of which Musa x paradisiaca is world famous: The German name "dessert banana" for one of the most important varieties of this species clearly indicates the importance of this fruit as a floury-sweet treat.
Banana plants have no trunk, but a tribe-like, up to eight -meter-high shrub that is formed from leaf sheaths. On these mock strains develop fruit stalks, the botanist "Bschel" and non-experts by mistake often call "banana trees". To a tuft belong one hundred and more berries arranged in subdivisions called "hands". They do not have the shape commonly associated with the term "berry" by a layman: the banana berries, usually 20 to 30 cm in length and tapering at the ends, are lazy and, with a slight curvature, acquire their characteristic "banana shape". The bananas become crooked because the initially perpendicular fruit stand of the banana tree grows so heavy in the course of its growth that it sinks towards the ground. The banana berries, however, continue to grow towards the sun, curling up.
The banana consists essentially of the initially green and then ripened intense-yellow banana skin, which envelops the white-yellowish, slightly angular shaped pulp (pulp). The popularity of the banana was not least due to the easy removability of the banana skin from the pulp. But the taste and its versatile uses have made the healthy and easily digestible fruit a favorite fruit of the Germans.
Tropical bananas sold in the EU must be at least 17 cm long. One, e.g. EU bananas grown in Madeira or Crete may be as small as 14 cm to comply with the norm.
The dessert banana, which today comes almost exclusively from plantation crops of tropical countries such as Brazil, Panama, Ecuador and Costa Rica, is mostly destined for export, while another mass-grown variety of Musa x paradisiaca, the plantain banana, is mainly used in the cultivation areas.