Latin name: Tilia
Number of species: about 40 species
circulation area: Central Europe, Central Asia
fruit: little nuts
Older: up to 800 years
Properties of the bark: gray, elongated furrows
Properties of the wood: red-yellowish, dense, prone to tree fungi
Locations of the tree: calcareous, sandy and loamy soils
leaf: about 5cm long, heart-shaped, tapered
Interesting about the linden tree
The plant genus of the Linden (Tilia) includes about 40 different species, of which Sommerlinde, leaved lime and silver Linde three are native to Europe. In addition, there are other bastardized species, u.a. the Dutch linden.
Bees find a large amount of pollen and nectar in linden flowers. In view of this, linden trees are excellently suited as bees for linden honey. The leaves of many species are edible.
In Central Europe, linden trees have a long cultural history and are an integral part of many myths and legends. Already among the Teutons they were considered because of their enormous age (up to 2000 years, in the quantitative total consideration among the oldest trees of Europe (> 1000 years) most often Linden) as sacred tree. In the Nibelungs saga, they even have a decisive role to play: in the bath of the Siegfried in dragon's blood, a lime leaf falls between his shoulder blades and prevents his immortality. In addition, in the Middle Ages court was spoken under lime trees, which illustrates the enormous cultural importance.