What is this vinca like vine?

What is this vinca like vine?

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What is this vinca like vine? Is it poisonous? 62521 USA Illinois

Wintercreeper, Euonymus fortunei

Given that you're just over in Illinois, here's the page from our Plant Finder database.

In regards to your second question, this factsheet from UMich mentions (and gives citations) for its use as a medicine. Given that, I'd avoid eating it if I were you, but there's not mention of it being especially toxic.

Vinca plants are subshrubs or herbaceous, and have slender trailing stems 1–2 m (3.3–6.6 ft) long but not growing more than 20–70 cm (8–27.5 in) above ground the stems frequently take root where they touch the ground, enabling the plant to spread widely. The leaves are opposite, simple broad lanceolate to ovate, 1–9 cm (0.5–3.5 in) long and 0.5–6 cm (0.20–2.36 in) broad they are evergreen in four species, but deciduous in the herbaceous V. herbacea, which dies back to the root system in winter. [7] [8]

The flowers, produced through most of the growing season, are salverform (like those of Phlox), simple, 2.5–7 cm (0.98–2.76 in) broad, with five usually violet (occasionally white) petals joined together at the base to form a tube. The fruit consists of a pair of divergent follicles the dry fruit dehisces along one rupture site to release seeds. [7] [8]

Two of the species, Vinca major and Vinca minor, are extensively cultivated as a flowering evergreen ornamental plant. Because the plants are low and spread quickly, they are often used as groundcover in garden landscapes and container gardens. They are also traditionally used in older cemeteries as an evergreen maintenance-free ground cover. [9] Many cultivars are available, with different plant, leaf, and flower colors, sizes, and habits.

Invasive plant species Edit

Although attractive, both Vinca major and Vinca minor may be invasive in some regions where they are introduced species because the rapid spreading chokes out native plant species and alters habitats. Areas affected include parts of Australia, New Zealand, Canada, and the United States, especially coastal California. [10] [11]

The vinca alkaloids include at least 86 alkaloids extracted from plants in the genus Vinca. [12] [13] [14] The chemotherapy agent vincristine is extracted from a closely related species, Catharanthus roseus, [15] [16] [17] and is used to treat some leukemias, [18] lymphomas, [19] and childhood cancers, [20] as well as several other types of cancer and some non-cancerous conditions. Vinblastine is a chemical analogue of vincristine [13] [16] [21] and is also used to treat various forms of cancer. [22] Dimeric alkaloids such as vincristine and vinblastine are produced by the coupling the smaller indole alkaloids vindoline and catharanthine. [13] [23] In addition, the nootropic agent vincamine is derived from Vinca minor. Vinorelbine, a newer semi-synthetic chemotherapeutic agent, is used in the treatment of non-small-cell lung cancer [16] [24] and is prepared either from the natural products leurosine [25] [26] or catharanthine and vindoline, [16] [27] in both cases by first preparing anhydrovinblastine. [15] [16] [27]

Periwinkle Control Methods

Periwinkle is a very popular ground cover due to its glossy evergreen leaves and bright starry blue flowers. The plants establish and grow quickly, with remarkable tolerance to poor soils, unfavorable weather conditions and even mechanical damage. Mowing or string trimming the plant to keep it in a manageable condition works well in containing the tangled stems. But be cautious with the trimmings, as periwinkle will produce new plants with just a tiny bit of stem to ground contact, even once severed from the parent plant. This creates an issue, and many gardeners evince the desire to completely remove periwinkle ground cover.

It may seem sensible to just pull the plants, but any little bit of plant material or the presence of underground stems will send Vinca growing thickly again in no time. The waxy leaves are quite resistant to chemical herbicides as the cuticle repels any topical application. Control of periwinkle must remove all of the roots and stems to prevent recurrence. Periwinkle is not edible to grazing animals due to a milky latex sap. Manual removal is the least toxic method but the roots may grow several feet in the ground so deep digging is necessary.

Control of Periwinkle with Herbicides

Several states classify periwinkle as an invasive weed. For periwinkle weed control in large areas where digging is not practical, use an oil based herbicide. The cuticle on the leaves repels water based applications, but the oil base will allow the chemicals to adhere to the leave and gradually travel into the vascular system of the plant.

Triclopyr mixed with mineral oil is effective but applications will need to be repeated as straggler plants crop up. Getting rid of periwinkle generally takes several seasons no matter what method you choose because of its hardiness and tenacity. Spray in winter when all other nearby vegetation has died back.

Remove Periwinkle Ground Cover Manually

Alright, it sounds like a pain in the-you-know-what, but manual removal really works best. Dig deep into the soil, starting at the edge of the problem area. Remember that periwinkle weed control relies upon complete removal of those roots, which may be several feet (.9 m.) into the soil.

Make a two-foot (61 cm.) trench around the area and loosen the first section of roots. Pull as you dig further into the bed, loosening the soil as you go. The next season, if you see any small plants forming, immediately dig them out.

In this way you will be rid of the ground cover permanently in a couple of years and other plants can take over the area. It won’t be easy, but it is a non-toxic removal that is effective.

Landscape Use

New growth of variegated large periwinkle emerges in spring.
Karen Russ, ©2007 HGIC, Clemson Extension

The trailing, arching stems that root where they touch the soil make these evergreen plants useful as groundcovers, for erosion control on banks, or for cascading from window boxes or planters. Periwinkle grows well under trees and shrubs, on shaded slopes or on the north side of buildings. Spring-flowering bulbs interplanted with periwinkle will lend color and interest to the groundcover planting. Daffodils are particularly well-suited since they bloom with periwinkle and do not require frequent division.

These 20 Gorgeous Flowering Vines Will Add Romance to Any Garden

After months of being cooped up inside, dreams of warm summer nights with cocktails on the porch, open windows ushering in fresh breezes, and cicada serenades sound almost too good to be true. (Even though we've become more comfortable using our outdoor living spaces during the winter, the smells, sites and sounds of spring and summer will be welcome!) The only thing missing from this summer fantasy? Romantic flowering vines and their sweet scents.

These climbing plants are surprisingly versatile and can add color and fragrance to many different areas in front yards and back yards. Flowering vines truly make a lovely addition to all kinds of landscaping ideas around different types of outdoor spaces&mdashfrom outdoor seating areas, front porches, and pools to garden pergolas, trellises, fences, walkway borders, and even around garden ornaments like obelisks. Here are the 20 most beautiful flowering vines, along with a guide to when they bloom and landscaping ideas for how and where to plant them.

Periwinkle will cascade over a wall or container and makes a nice hanging basket. Derivatives from periwinkle are used in a variety of medicines and treatments for human ailments including leukemia and hodgkins disease. Plants seed themselves into the landscape.

The plant requires full sun and has a long growing period. Periwinkle likes to be kept on the dry side and the roots will rot if irrigated too frequently. It is best not to irrigate periwinkle more than two or three times after it is planted. Once summer rains begin, plants often succumb to root rot diseases from too much water. A bed of periwinkle looks great until this time, but it should usually be considered a short lived annual. A three month period of color without disease is considered very good. Once plants are removed, plant with another annual to finish the season. Some horticulturists have success growing periwinkle on a raised bed comprised of sand or other very well-drained soil.

Propagation is by seed or cuttings. Softwood cuttings can be taken and rooted during summer. The seed germinates in one week at a temperature of 70°F to 75°F. Keep the flat of seeds in the dark until the seed germinates and do not overwater. Planting may be done at any time during the year in USDA hardiness zones 10 and 11.

There are a variety of cultivars available for flower color and plant size. The 'Carpet' and 'Little' Series grow to no more than 12 inches tall. They too are sensitive to root disease.

Pests and Diseases

No pests are of major concern.

Root rots regularly cause decay of roots and lower stems.

Fusarium wilt can cause plant death.

Blight causes brown or black spots which extend inward from the leaf edge and eventually cover the whole leaf. Space plants farther apart in subsequent plantings. Remove infected plants.

Canker and dieback cause the shoot tip to become dark brown, wilt, and die back to the soil surface. The disease is most common during rainy weather. Infected plants should be discarded.

Several fungi cause leaf spots on periwinkle but they are usually harmless.

Catharanthus roseus Madagascar Periwinkle is an evergreen, erect to spreading, herbaceous, tender perennial to 4 feet tall, frequently planted as an annual, as it is not cold- hardy. It is tough in the face of many other conditions, such as dappled shade and various soil types. Flowers have a slender tube and 5 spreading lobes, rose-pink, white, or white with a reddish eye. It blooms all summer from July through September, only stopping at frost. Fruits quickly form during blooming season, resembling a "V," or victory sign. It is an easily identified bedding plant by its salverform corollas with 5 glands on the tube and distinct fruits. It is very attractive, with glossy foliage and blooms even during heat stress. Plant it in the full sun to partial or dappled shade in moist, well-drained soil. While it prefers acidic soil, it tolerates a range of soil types, so long as it has good drainage. Seeds can be sown in March in warm temperatures and planted out in early June. It does not need pinching or deadheading. It is utilized as a ground cover in beds and for bedding and borders. Quick ID Hints: Salverform flowers with 5 glandular dots on upper corolla tube Twin elongated fruits from one calyx Glossy foliage borne in pairs on stem 'Apricot Cooler Improved' 'Aztec Pink Magic' 'Blue Pearl' 'Cascade Beauty White' 'Cooler Icy Pink' 'Cooler Orchid' 'Cooler Peppermint' 'Cora Burgundy' 'Cora Cascade Cherry' 'Cora Cascade Strawberry' 'Cora Red' 'Experimental Dee' 'Jams and Jellies' 'Mediterranean Lilac' 'Mediterranean XP Cherry Halo' 'Mediterranean XP Rose Halo' 'Nirvana Pink Blush' 'Nirvana Red' 'Nirvana Sky Blue' 'Nirvana Violet' 'Pacifica White' 'Sunshower Lilac' 'Titian Icy Pink' growth habit Jim Robbins CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 Nirvana Sky Blue Jim Robbins CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 Nirvana Violet Jim Robbins CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 Sunshower Lilac Jim Robbins CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 Cascade Beauty White Jim Robbins CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 Mediterranean Lilac Jim Robbins CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 Mediterranean XP Cherry Halo Jim Robbins CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 Mediterranean XP Rose Halo Jim Robbins CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 Nirvana Red Jim Robbins CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 Nirvana Sky Blue Jim Robbins CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 Nirvana Violet Jim Robbins CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 Nirvana Pink Blush Jim Robbins CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 Pacifica White Jim Robbins CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 Titian Icy Pink Jim Robbins CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 Sunshower Lilac Jim Robbins CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 Cora Burgundy Jim Robbins CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 Cora Cascade Cherry Jim Robbins CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 Cora Cascade Strawberry Jim Robbins CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 Cora Red Jim Robbins CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 Plantation Jim Robbins CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 2. Oleander (Nerium Oleander)

Oleander (Nerium oleander) is one of the most dangerous poisonous plants. The whole plant is poisonous, and even water that the cut plants have stood in is poisonous. It grows wild in Mediterranean countries.

Medical Uses: Oleander contains the principal cardiac glycosides oleandrin, which can be used instead of digitalis, and neriine, as well as folinerin and digitoxigenin. The cardiovascular system may be affected by the glycosides oleandrin, oleandroside, and nerioside. The two most potent poisons are oleandrin and neriine, known for their powerful effect on the heart.

Symptoms: Oleander causes intense abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhoea, drowsiness, dizziness, visual disturbances, rapid pulse, an irregular heartbeat and heart malfunction, often causing death. The sap in contact with the skin can cause dermatitis, blistering, irritation and soreness.

Treatment consists of inducing the patient to vomit, stomach pumping, or feeding activated charcoal in order to absorb as much of the poison as possible. The odds of surviving increase dramatically If the victim survives the initial 24 hours after ingestion.

More About Oleander Poison: Oleander poison is so strong that it can poison a person who simply eats the honey made by bees that have digested oleander nectar.

If taken internally it is deadly to humans and most animals. Cattle, sheep and goats can be killed by drinking water into which leaves of oleander have fallen.

The poisons are said to survive burning, so cooking over a fire of oleander wood is said to cause the poison to transfer via the smoke to meat being cooked. During the Peninsular Wars some of Wellington&aposs soldiers are said to have died after eating meat cooked on skewers made from the wood.

Soldiers sleeping on oleander branches were reported to have died according to the Gardener&aposs Chronicle in 1880.

In 1989, the Western Journal of Medicine reported the case of an 83-year old woman who attempted suicide by drinking a tea made of an infusion of oleander leaves. She suffered severe bradycardia with a pulse rate of 40 and was treated with atropine to counteract this. There are other reports in the literature of failed suicide attempts.

There are reports of a wide range of animals being poisoned by oleander, including sheep, cattle, horses, canaries, budgerigars, donkeys, a sloth and a bear. In general, farm animals sense that they should avoid contact with oleander. and, because of this, in Mediterranean countries oleander is sometimes used as a field boundary in preference to a fence.

Vinca minor (periwinkle), a poisonous plant

California Invasive Plant Council

Photo courtesy Joseph DiTomaso

Synonyms: Vinca pubescenes, Vinca major var.variegata

Common names: periwinkle bigleaf periwinkle greater periwinkle blue periwinkle myrtle

Vinca major (big periwinkle) is a spreading perennial vine or ground cover (family Apocynaceae) with dark green stems that contain milky latex. In California it is rapidly spreading in most coastal counties, foothill woodlands, the Central Valley, and even desert areas. Big periwinkle has escaped from garden plantings, and lowers species diversity and disrupts native plant communities. Riparian zones are particularly sensitive. Fragments of periwinkle vines can break, wash downstream, and start new invasions.

Cal-IPC Rating: Moderate

Cal-IPC Assessment

Plant Assessment Form - Information gathered by Cal-IPC on the impacts, rate of spread, and distribution of invasive plants in California. Does not include management information.

Species ID Card

Invasive Species ID Card - To support field identification of early detection species, Cal-IPC has designed a set of Species ID cards that can be downloaded, printed double-sided, and trimmed to size.

Weed Management Notes

    - Information on management techniques and effectiveness from the University of California Cooperative Extension’s Weed Research & Information Center.

Cal-IPC Newsletter Articles

    . Cal-IPC. Vol 24, Issue 3 . Richardson, Greg Merryweather, Jan. Vol 22, Issue 3 . Connick, Sarah Gerel, Mike. Vol 13, Issue 2 . Owen, Ken. Vol 12, Issue 2 . Wheeler, Jennifer. Vol 08, Issue 2

Cal-IPC Symposium Presentations

Presentations are linked where available. Where a presentation is not available, find more information by reading the abstract in the Cal-IPC Symposia Archive.

    Calloway, Stephanie Schneider, Heather Knapp, Denise (2018) Owen, Ken McEachern, Kathryn (2010) Bossard, Carla Moore, Ken Chabre, Cammy Woolfolk, Andrea King, Jorden Johanek, Dana (2005) Dempsey, Jim Elliott, Woody (2005) Connick, Sarah Gerel, Mike (2004) Pickart, Andrea (2003) Wright, Robert (1996)

Other Vinca major Information

    - Images of plants taken mostly in California. - See the distribution of this species on Calflora's map of California. - Distribution information with ability to determine regional priorities. - Information on taxonomy, biology, and distribution from UC Berkeley's Jepson Herbarium. - Federal database with information on identification and distribution, and links to websites in individual states. - National database from the Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health at the University of Georgia. - North American distribution based on Early Detection and Distribution Mapping System.

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What is this vinca like vine? - Biology

Vinca or Periwinkle is a prolific heat and drought tolerant annual, perfect for hot, dry areas. It's easy to grow, and requires little or no attention. A grower once reported that he has grown Vinca in the same location for 30 years. It successfully reseeded itself each year, with no effort on his part.

This plant is known by three names: Vinca, Periwinkle (or Madagascar Periwinkle), and Myrtle. Botanists will tell you that there is also a separate strain or variety of Periwinkle. Vinca plants are native to North America, Europe, China and India.

The plants are grown for its attractive glossy, green foliage, as well as its flowers. Flowers bloom all summer, and up to frost. Common colors include white, rose, pink, and red.

Vinca is commonly used for borders, edging, and ground cover or bedding plants. Plants grow 1-2 feet tall.

Lowering sugar levels for diabetics

Treatment for coughs, colds, sore throats

Vinca or Periwinkle are grown from seeds. Sow Vinca seeds outdoors after all danger of frost. Many people will broadcast spread them across an area. These prolific, self seeders, will usually reseed themselves, if left unattended.

You can also start them indoors 10 to 12 weeks before the last frost in your area.

Some varieties can also be propagated by rooting cuttings.

Vinca or Periwinkle will grow in range of light conditions, from full sun to shade. They will do well in average soils. They are both heat and drought tolerant. This makes Vinca ideal in hot, dry parts of the country where other flowers will wither and wilt.

Space Vinca plants 12-15 inches apart. Water well, when planting. Once plants are established, water only during extended droughts.

Add a general purpose fertilizer once or twice a season.

Mulch around plants in dry areas to help retain soil moisture.

Vinca are seldom bothered by insects and disease. Fungus problems can occur in humid or wet weather. If insect or disease problems occur, treat early with organic or chemical insect repellents and fungicide.

Watch the video: Get to Know Vinca Vine - Part Sun-Loving Plants (May 2022).