Can pheromones in perfume be formulated to cause agitation?

Can pheromones in perfume be formulated to cause agitation?

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I generally don't care for female perfume. I have very sensitive olfactory receptors and in general, I just find perfume overwhelming.

A couple weeks ago, my wife of almost 14 years and I were shopping. As has happened many times before, she asked me to smell a perfume (Play it Rock by Playboy) to see if I liked it. Shockingly, on first whiff, though still overwhelming, I quite liked it. So she bought it.

Now, when she wears it, I do find the aroma pleasing, however I find myself getting quite agitated, depressed and even overcome with jealousy and paranoia.

Obviously, there are lots of psychological factors in play :

  • Perfume's primary purpose is to arouse and attract men
  • She almost only uses it when there are going to be other men around
  • It is playboy, subtly indicating the promotion of promiscuity

However my internal reactions are so intense I can't help but conclude there something more physiological triggering/intensifying them.

  • Could the perfume's pheromones be slightly misformulated to cause this reaction?
  • Would the same pheromones that arouse a man also inherently trigger the fear of the arousal of others?
  • Is it possible that my pheromone "sense" is also heightened like my sense of smell, causing an abnormal reaction specifically in me?

Note : I can't find official documentation that the playboy perfumes apply pheromonology (Yes, I did just make up that word), but I have found them listed by other sources in sections of perfumes that do, but Playboy perfumes seem to be priced drastically less than the rest of the pheromoned perfumes.

Insects generate and respond to pheromones. But despite what sci-fi TV might have told you, there is no evidence that humans make or respond to pheromones like that. Humans don't have that good sense of smell, for one thing.

The fact that you know it's a Playboy brand of perfume is affecting you? That's obviously not chemical, is psychological.

Also, historically, perfume was used just as much to mask unpleasant odors as it was to attract anyone. When men go through puberty, their sweat changes odor. That's not to attract other men.

If this perfume is affecting you emotionally it's psychological, not chemical.

The Science of Sex and Smell

Olfactophilia (also known as osmolagnia, osphresiolagnia, and ozolagnia) is a paraphilia where an individual derives sexual pleasure from smells and odours. Given the large body of research on olfaction, it is unsurprising that in some cases there should be an association with sexual behavior. The erotic focus is most likely to relate to body odors of a sexual partner, including genital odors. One of my favourite papers examining sex and smell was a 1999 paper by Alan Hirsch and Jason Gruss published in the Journal of Neurological and Orthopaedic Medicine and Surgery. As they note in the introduction to their study, sex and smell have a long association:

“Historically, certain smells have been considered aphrodisiacs, a subject of much folklore and pseudoscience. In the volcanic remnants of Pompeii, perfume jars were preserved in the chambers designed for sexual relations. Ancient Egyptians bathed with essential oils in preparation for assignations Sumarians seduced their women with perfumes. A relationship between smell and sexual attraction is emphasized in traditional Chinese rituals, and virtually all cultures have used perfume in their marriage rites. In mythology, rose petals symbolized scent, and the word ‘deflowering’ describes the initial act of sex … Dramatic literature abounds with sly references to nasal size as symbolic of phallic size, as in the famous play Cyrano De Bergerac … Psychoanalysis has made much of these associations. Fliess, in his concept of the phallic nose, formally described an underlying link between the nose and the phallus. Jungian psychology also connects odors and sex.”

In contemporary society, perfumes for women and colognes for men are marketed aggressively because it is a multi-billion pound business and are advertised in a way that suggests sexual success for those who use such fragrances. Hirsch and Gruss argue that:

“The prominent connection between odors and sex among diverse historical periods and cultures implies a high level of evolutionary importance. Freud suggested that odors are such strong inducers of sexual feelings that repression of smell sensations is necessary to civilization. Anatomy bears out the link between smells and sex: the area of the brain through which we experience smells, the olfactory lobe, is part of the limbic system, the emotional brain, the area through which sexual thoughts and desires are derived. Brill [1932] suggests that people kiss to get their noses close together, so that they can smell each other (the Eskimo kiss). Or possibly they kiss to get their mouths together so they can taste each other since most of what we call taste is dependent upon olfaction.”

One of the research areas that I have published a couple of papers with Mark Sergeant (see ‘Further reading’ below) in is on the area of pheromones (i.e., chemical substances “produced and released into the environment by an animal, especially a mammal or an insect, affecting the behaviour or physiology of others of its species”). Pheromones are known to exist across the animal kingdom from insects to primates (possibly including humans but most robust scientific studies have shown the evidence is relatively weak, and if pheromones do exist in humans the effects are likely to be very subtle). As Hirsch and Gruss note:

“Inside the human brain, near the top of the nose is an anatomical feature that gives us reason to believe that human pheromones exist: the vomeronasal organ. Its function is unknown, but in subhuman primates, this is the area where pheromones act to increase the chance of procreation … When we exercise, we sweat through endocrine glands. But when we are embarrassed or sexually excited, we sweat through apocrine glands that release high-density steroids under the arms and around the genitalia their role is unknown. In subhuman primates, the same apocrine glands release pheromones.”

Other research by Hirsch has shown evidence that links smell with sexual response. For instance, in one of his studies, 17% of patients that had “olfactory deficits” had developed some kind of sexual dysfunction.

In Hirsch and Gruss’ 1999 study, they examined the effects of 30 different smells on male sexual arousal of 31 American male participants (aged 18 years to over 60 years). They underwent various (question-based) smell tests and their sexual arousal was assessed experimentally by measuring penile blood flow with a penile plethysmograph. The smells comprised 24 different odourants in addition to six combination odourants. All 30 odours produced an increase in penile blood flow. They reported that:

“The combined odor of lavender and pumpkin pie had the greatest effect, increasing median penile-blood flow by 40%. Second in effectiveness was the combination of black licorice and doughnut, which increased the median penile-blood flow 31.5%. The combined odors of pumpkin pie and doughnut was third, with a 20% increase. Least stimulating was cranberry, which increased penile blood flow by 2% … Men with below normal olfaction did not differ significantly from those with normal olfaction, nor did smokers differ significantly from nonsmokers.”


The findings supported their hypothesis that positive smelling odours would increase sexual arousal, and then speculated a number of reasons why this might be the case:

“The odors could induce a Pavlovian conditioned response reminding subjects of their sexual partners or their favorite foods. Among persons raised in the United States, odors of baked goods are most apt to induce a state called olfactory-evoked recall. Possibly, odors in the current study evoked a nostalgic recall with an associated positive mood state that affected penile blood flow. Or the odors may simply be relaxing. In others studies, lavender, which increased alpha waves posteriorly, an effect associated with a relaxed state. In a condition of reduced anxiety, inhibitions may be removed and thus penile blood flow increased . Another possibility, odors may act neurophysiologically … Nor can we rule out a generalized parasympathetic effect, increasing penile blood flow rather than specific sexual excitation…The specific odors that affected penile blood flow in our experiment were primarily food odors . Does this support the axiom that the way to a man’s heart (and sexual affection) is through his stomach? . We certainly cannot consider the odors in our experiment to be human pheromones, therefore we believe they acted through other pathways than do pheromones.”

Shortly after this study, Hirsch and his colleagues repeated the study on females (assessing their vaginal blood flow) and found similar effects that they reported in the International Journal of Aromatherapy. In this second study they found that the largest increases in vaginal blood flow were from candy and cucumber (13%), baby powder (13%), pumpkin pie and lavender (11%), and baby powder and chocolate (4%). Obviously there are major limitations with both of these studies (such as small sample sizes, all the odours being selected by the researchers, and blood flow being the sole measure of arousal).

What’s The Most Attractive Scent To A Woman?

The scent is a powerful variable when it comes to attraction. Women are attracted to various scents, and there isn't one smell that will be an instant aphrodisiac. Some smells are more likely to make a woman feel drawn to you. There are scientific reasons for the attraction. For example, you may have heard of pheromones. These are biology's messengers that tell us who to gravitate towards and who to stay away from, and they are powerful. Some scents make us experience powerful emotions. Some odors make us feel good and remind us of happy times, whereas others trigger painful memories. You may be wondering, what's the most attractive scent to a woman?

It varies from person to person as to what a woman finds attractive. Some people prefer the natural scent of their partners, whereas others love the scent of cologne. Scent can be a powerful psychological tool. When you're away from your partner, you might want to hang onto their hoodie because it reminds you of them and carries their smell. This is one example of how scent can be comforting. Despite the obvious variation in scent preferences that people have, research has shown that certain scents truly can be attractive in nature. Natural scents and synthetic odors can attract women. Whether it's pheromones or vanilla cologne, certain scents make women stop and want to get closer to you.

Research On Scent And Attraction

Scent and sexual arousal are connected more than you might know. The smell of the human body can create arousal in women. These odors can remain on clothing that your beloved leaves behind. A study was conducted where a group of female participants smelled different shirts and decided which of them had the most attractive scents. In the study, the women, interestingly enough, preferred men who were the most different from them it's almost like proof of the idea of "opposites attract." This might seem odd, but it makes perfect sense. The human body has over 100 different immune system genes, referred to as the MHC or major histocompatibility complex. There have been studies done that show that MHC relates to scent preference. Partners with different immune system genes will produce healthier offspring because the variations enhance the immune system. It's also true that women may be more attuned to scents than men.

There may not be a universal scent that attracts women, but there are some common ones. Here are some smells that women find attractive according to different research studies and statistics:

Men that eat a lot of fruit and vegetables produce sweat that smells good for women. In a 2016 study released by Evolution and Human Behavior, it was found that people who take in a high volume of carotenoids (which are found in fruits and vegetables that are of orange, yellow, or red hues) have more attractive smelling body odor that is appealing for women. Foods that contain carotenoids include grapefruit, mangoes, carrots, oranges, squash, bell peppers, cantaloupe, and yams.

Musk is a scent that makes people seem more attractive. You may have seen it in various perfumes or body soaps. The smell derives from animal glands, and it's quite a primal scent that reminds people of physically being together or sexuality. According to the Social Issues Research Centre (SIRC) in the UK, women tend to be more sensitive to musk than men.

Also, according to the SIRC, vanilla is a scent that human beings typically perceive as pleasant. It has been proven to decrease stress levels as well as anxiety. Given this, it makes sense that vanilla elements are present in various perfumes and colognes that you might wear to appeal to a romantic partner.

Mint has a clean smell that can be very attractive to people. Cleanliness and good hygiene are, of course, good traits to have. A fresh minty smell can help to communicate that you have these attributes, so take care of yourself and be sure to brush your teeth before heading out on a date!

Leather Or Wood

Similar to musk, the scent of leather has masculine attributes that can be attractive to women. When searching for cologne, you might look for a scent with subtle hints of leather in it. You might also look for aftershave or cologne that has elements of wood in it. Outdoorsy or woodsy scents give off a sexy, rugged vibe, much like the scent of leather does.

What Are Pheromones?

Pheromones are a type of chemical that animals and humans produce that influences how we behave and our attraction to others. Pheromones differ from hormones. While hormones work inside of the body to influence us, pheromones work outside of our bodies to influence the people around us, such as romantic partners. While they're often referred to when talking about sexual attraction, that's not the only thing that pheromones do, and they are powerful in many areas. In addition to sexual arousal, pheromones play a role in acts such as communicating a warning, showing others that there's access to food, locating other animals, signaling to other animals to stay away, and even the bonding between a maternal parent and child animal. Pheromones are messengers, sending signals to other human beings. They tell us how to perceive others and give us a heads up if there is a friend or foe up ahead. Listen to your sense of smell and what your pheromones are trying to tell you.

Fun Facts About Pheromones

  • Many insects use pheromones to communicate with one another.
  • There are four kinds of pheromones (releaser, primer, modulator, and signaler)
  • Pheromones impact people and induce arousal.
  • It's believed that the first pheromone was discovered in 1959 in a study that showed that a pheromone secreted by moths called bombykol attracted male moths to female moths.
  • Animals can use pheromones to locate prey.

Types Of Pheromones

The primer pheromones require time to get a response after their release. They can affect sexual development and reproduction.

Signaler pheromones give information or "signals" to others. For example, this pheromone can help mothers use their sense of smell to identify their newborn babies.

Modulator pheromones are typically found in sweat and can cause a shift in bodily functions such as menstruation.

Releaser pheromones, unlike primer pheromones, are responded to quickly. Releaser pheromones are linked to sexual arousal and attracting mates.

Pheromones And Human Beings

Despite the research on scent and attraction, which shows us that scent is a powerful part of the attraction, there's less research on whether human beings are affected by pheromones. One of the prominently known theories regarding human beings and pheromones was released by the University of Chicago. According to the study, women's menstrual cycles will synchronize when women are close to one another because they will pick up the sweat and odors from other women. Nowadays, this phenomenon is typically known as the "dorm effect." Still, it has also been referred to as the "McClintock effect," named after Martha McClintock, the head researcher of the study, with these findings. Changes that occur in humans during puberty have also been suggested to relate to pheromones. As time moves forward, we're likely to learn more about pheromones as they relate to human beings.

What About Off-Putting Scents?

Some of the scents that women find love extremely appealing and others deter them. Some odors communicate disgust. You don't want to go around smelling like you haven't showered in weeks that won't be attractive to most people. Another extremely off-putting scent is drowning yourself in cologne. You might believe you smell phenomenal, but your potential love interest is probably unimpressed or potentially turned off. And if you put too much of nearly any fragrance on, it's likely to become overwhelming to those around you. Remember, when you use these products, make sure that you utilize a "less is more" mindset. You're not putting it on only for you, but rather to attract a potential partner. Think about how they perceive your scent and what they might like to smell.

Less Really Is More

Since people are biologically inclined to be attracted to a human being's natural scent, you don't have to do a whole lot extra to attract someone. As stated above, there is a balance when it comes to scents that aren't biological. Remember - don't douse yourself in fragrance, and be mindful of your hygiene. Let your natural scent shine through by using fragrance-free products such as detergent or lotion. A bonus of doing this is that using scent-free products might be a healthier option for you. Some people find that scented products irritate the skin. It could even get a person headaches or migraines. If your partner or love interest is sensitive to smells, use subtle scents or scent-free products. It will be beneficial for the relationship to be respectful of their scent sensitivities.

Other Components Of Attraction

It's fascinating that body odor or sweat can impact a man or woman's sexual attraction. Additionally, there's a lot more to human attraction and relationships than smell. The attraction is complicated you can't control who you're attracted to, and you might be confused as to how to know what you're attracted to in a person. There are so many components of attraction. Aside from the smell, there are personality traits that you'll be attracted to. Perhaps, you like someone with a great sense of humor. For you, that's a large component of attraction. Humor can be sexy, and you're not alone in connecting it to the attraction. You might enjoy being around creative types and seek that out in a mate. It could also be that you're attracted to specific physical traits, which could be anything from a particular fashion sense to someone's hair color. Body language, behavior, or a person's voice may also play a role in your attraction to them. Not all of us are the same, and people vary greatly in terms of what they seek out in a mate.

Online Therapy

No matter what scent draws you to your partner, one true thing is that you deserve to have loving, healthy relationships in your life. Therapy can help you make sure that your needs are met. Online therapy is an excellent place to discuss attraction, relationships, and more. Search the mental health professionals network at ReGain to find an online therapist working with you as an individual or with you and your partner.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What smell turns a woman on?

Some women find a subtle scent arousing, while some prefer a scent that's strong or distinct. Others, maybe, love sweet scents, floral scents, or perhaps none at all. Men's and women's fragrances are different on many levels, but some attractive scents can be used for both sexes. Each woman has different likes and dislikes, but there are still many different kinds of attractive scents. There are many a scent that&rsquos sure to turn a woman on, such as:

A scent that's soothing, like lavender, can be used in many other ways, like promoting good health and well-being.

Another popular scent is vanilla. It has a creamy, warm, and comforting smell&mdash a subtle scent in men's and women's fragrances.

Another attractive scent is peppermint, which fits both men women. It has a sharp scent that's cool and refreshing.

Sandalwood is undoubtedly one of those attractive scents out there that turns a woman on. It's a scent that's deep and often smells like a mix of other floral scents. It's creamy, woody, and is also a subtle scent.

Although there are more, these are the popular scents or maybe even the best scents that can make a woman turned on it could be women's fragrances or a man's perfume. These popular scents are popular for a reason.

What scent is most attractive to guys?

Attractive scents differ for guys. Some prefer it when the scent you wear is your natural scent, while others prefer the scent you wear is something like strawberries. Women's fragrances are really diverse and sometimes sickly sweet scents. But again, men have different tastes and may find attractive scents not appealing or the other way around. Some may be allergic to a particular floral scent, or maybe they find it attractive when a woman wears a man's perfume.

Studies show that men like the floral scent or just a popular scent like vanilla on a woman. Others, however, prefer attractive scents like chocolate or something musky or woody.
What scents are most attractive?

One of the top scents is vanilla. It's such a popular scent that it's even labeled as 'universally well-liked.' It's undoubtedly one of the attractive scents out there since it has more complexity than others. It's really calming and universally a pleasant smell.

One of the popular scents on our list is the fresh-squeezed oranges. It's one of the best scents out there since it's pretty much irresistible to men.

Most women's fragrances are also the most attractive since they have an attractive scent or maybe even a sweet and soft smell that can attract many people right away.

Does smell make you more attractive?

The smell is a powerful sense, and if you come upon one of the attractive scents in the world, you'll be hooked. It is said that body odor or a specific smell is essential for attraction rather than appearance. It doesn't matter what scent you wear whether it's women's fragrances, the best scents the world has to offer, simple floral scents, or one of those attractive scents, as long as you're comfortable with the smell, you'll feel good and confident with it.

What perfume turns a man on?

Women's fragrances are usually different for every individual. Some prefer floral scents, popular scents, or maybe a man's perfume from Giorgio Armani. However, the smell of Lavender, Licorice and Donuts, Cinnamon, Orange, and even Popcorn is an attractive scent that&rsquos sure to turn a man on.

Using Pheromones to Attract Women Instantly!

If you are one of the millions of men in the dating game, you surely have heard of the wonderful benefits of pheromone products. Many men today have opted on using pheromones to attract women. Why? Simply because they make things easy.

What are these so-called pheromones all about anyway? Pheromones are actually naturally produced by the body. In biology, especially in animals, these chemicals are known to function as an "attractant" to the opposite gender - one that influences their behaviour and draws them closer towards reproduction. For men, pheromone products have been formulated to seduce and attract women by giving them "signals" for irresistible attraction and arousal.

Using pheromones to attract women has been quite controversial. Many people continue to doubt whether it actually works. However, pheromones have been widely studied in the past decade. Science has established that there is truth to the effectiveness of pheromone-based products. Studies have found that "signals" from pheromones are picked up by the VMO, or the Vomeronasal Organ. Once the signal is received in the VMO of the woman you want, a sexual response signal is transmitted to their brain, which prepares them for some action.

Therefore, scientifically speaking, it is not the product that directly leads to attraction. Instead, it is actually the chemical response that gets triggered in the body which makes it work. The body is also capable of giving off natural pheromones, without us being conscious about it. Even if there may not be actual verbal or non-verbal communication, the chemicals in the body find a way to interact. However, this natural pheromone production does not mean that you go around in the crowd and easily pick up the woman you want to have sex with.

Natural pheromones are covered up and altered in many ways - the clothes we wear, the soap we put on, the deodorants and perfumes we use - each of them have their own ways of preventing natural pheromones from taking effect. With a different chemical makeup, the natural pheromones now have decreased chances of creating the impact that you want. And this is where synthetic pheromones or pheromone products come in.

It has been proven clinically and by thousands of users, that pheromones increase attraction when used. Pheromone products, at least the good ones, have consistently resulted to high success rates. Thus, men who are seeking to have a more active romantic life, and men who simply want to add colour to their sexuality, can take refuge in these amazing products.

What can pheromones do for you? Pheromones increase the intensity and amount of attention from women. Enjoy those flirtatious stares and smiles from every corner of the room. Your sex appeal boosts, and you find yourself with more dates and relationships. If your current relationship is running dry, enhance it with pheromones and see how everything is back to your courtship days. Using pheromones to attract women can also boost your self-confidence to the roof. These products are breakthroughs in science and seduction you should take advantage of, today.

Q: Do pet pheromone products work?

A: Most of the research that's been published or presented at veterinary conferences has been done on Feliway (cat pheromones) and D.A.P. (Dog Appeasing Pheromone). In several studies -- most of which were funded by the products' maker -- both products were found to help soothe stressed pets in some circumstances.

Feliway mimics a cat’s F3 facial pheromones, which cats deposit when they rub their cheeks against surfaces, marking the areas as being safe, Hunthausen says.

The pheromone may reduce scratching and some types of spraying. In various studies, Feliway reduced spraying on vertical surfaces, such as walls or doors, in up to 90% of cases. But Hunthausen, who once did a company-sponsored Feliway study, says the product does not usually address the underlying problems that cause spraying on horizontal surfaces, such as beds or couches, so it is not very effective in those situations.

D.A.P., called Comfort Zone when sold over the counter, mimics the pheromone nursing dogs release to comfort their puppies. Studies show that it may help with general anxiety, as well as stress caused by vet visits, travel, fireworks and other loud noises, separation anxiety, and can even help calm dogs in shelters.

A study done in 2005 showed that puppies in a training class that were fitted with pheromone collars were later found to have less behavioral problems and were more sociable than puppies not given the collar.

But pheromone products don’t work for all pets or for all problems. Neilson said she doesn't rely on pheromone products alone.

“I never use it in isolation,” Neilson says. “I’m also usually doing behavior modification and sometimes drug therapy.”

Social Chemistry Pheromones

Social enhancement products give the wearer a vibe of being charismatic, “mesmerizing” in a way, magnetic, and highly intriguing.

This has the effect of making even difficult women “open up” to you, creating deeper, long lasting friendships, and giving you extroverted personality traits (even if you aren’t extroverted, or have difficulty communicating with people).

Social pheromone products also make you more articulate (self-effects), persuasive, and give you a high level of social acceptance.

Combining with a standalone social product can skyrocket their effectiveness with the right combo.

XiSt (Friendzone Destroyer, “Resets” Feelings, Magic On Young Women)

XiSt, remains one of my top pheromone colognes of all time. It’s proven itself many times over, in many different situations… from getting an ex-girlfriend back, to escaping friendzone, to attracting new women into my life.

We’ve all been in situations where we are interested in a woman, but she seems like she could care less. You’re not on her radar, and you know she has no romantic interest in you…

… but what if you could turn the tables and escape friendzone?

XiSt is a high powered “reset button” – the more she’s exposed to it, the deeper and stronger it starts hitting… over time, she will start seeing you in a romantic, boyfriend kind of way. It elevates your social value, and creates a strong “romantic imprint” in her mind.

This is the KEY to its “friendzone destroying” capabilities…

XiSt is also a “swiss army knife” of attraction products, from the social status boost, imprinting effects, and its ability to make women change their minds if they’ve rejected you in the past.

Also, if it’s powerful enough to make a woman who “friendzoned” you in the past change her mind, it’s even MORE powerful on women you haven’t met yet. Don’t miss this product!

Swoon (Playful, flirty, causes strong “imprint” or crushy feelings, unique hybrid mix for seduction)

Swoon stands out because it has a powerful, “playful” effect in your interactions. But at the same time, it causes strong romantic interest to form with ease… what makes it unique is the “fun” aspect, makes it way easier to grab and keep attention.

Its imprinting effect works even if you don’t go prying. It makes women unafraid of getting emotionally involved with you.

Whereas with extremely powerful imprinting products like Voodoo or the NA series, they may require you to navigate past these roadblocks (not difficult, but it takes more work)…

Some of most notable effects include touchiness/physical attraction, and a LOT of charisma/magnetism that makes women want to be around you.

The fallout effect is obvious, and highly recommended for attracting younger women as they seem most affected (usually in their 20’s).

Certo (Extremely “crushy” feeling on HIGH QUALITY women, powerful romantic moments and feelings)

Certo is a pheromone for men to attract HIGH quality women. If you’re trying to capture the heart of a beautiful woman, Certo will “imprint” you in her mind, giving you a significant edge to win her over.

Certo is a complicated, multi-layered product – but it is also a specialized product.

In fact, while the other products in this list are outrageously good, I believe it works best with certain types of personalities.

  • You’re looking to attract a more “reserved” woman… who don’t respond to overly aggressive mixes (or becomes too intimidated by you to consider you relationship material).
  • Want to attract high quality women who looks for positive qualities in a guy… rather than a “bad boy” (as most heavy attraction mixes tend to project).
  • You feel like you’re a “romantic at heart”… and don’t feel comfortable with aggressive seduction mixes that require fast escalation, flirting, and changes to your personality to accommodate those results.

Casanova by S1CK Jewelry & Liquid Alchemy Labs (SILENT Lady Killer, “Crushy Imprinting” Social Mix)

“Be captivated by the mysterious aura, penetrating into the hearts of the many who will be compelled to chase you. “Casanova” is a heart throb, and was designed to leave your mark.”

The difference between Casanova and other “romantic attraction” products is its goal is never to fully capture a woman’s heart, only to tease, amplify, and keep them questioning their true feelings for you…

Casanova is a unique & CAPTIVATING crushy-romantic blend, with a powerful magnetic social element (highly persuasive and intriguing)…

… this magnetic social effect prompts women to enter your space, and quickly become entranced by your presence.

Casanova is like a stealth submarine, always lurking in your interactions with women, and prepared with a payload of super-love.

This social & crushy/imprint formula works differently from other “romantic attraction” products…

… it keeps women “on the verge” of developing serious feelings, driving them crazy about whether they really do like you or not.


Unlike bees, female wasps have the ability to sting a target multiple times because their stinger does not fall off after use.

Social wasps and honeybees both use pheromones, secreted or excreted chemicals that trigger a social response in members of the same species.

In social bees and wasps, pheromones act as an alarm. They are secreted by some of the group when they think they are in danger, like if the nest is disturbed or one of them is killed. The rest of the wasps react to the pheromones by swarming out of the nest and attacking the intruder

When a wasp stings a human approaching a nest, the small insect simultaneously emits a chemical that signals the rest of the colony to attack.

This phenomenon was explained in a video from Reactions, a YouTube series from the American Chemical Society that 'uncovers the chemistry in every day life'.

'It's not so much that you've killed a wasp, it's that you've threatened a wasp or their wasp home,' says Sophia Cai, host of the video.

Wasps and bees will not sting someone at rest if they have not been disturbed by some agitation of their nest or threatened by swatting or quick movement of arms or legs.

They may land on someone's skin to inspect a smell or get water, but they will leave if the person stays calm and does not move quickly.

Social wasps and honeybees (pictured) both use pheromones, secreted or excreted chemicals that trigger a social response in members of the same species. When a wasp stings a human approaching a nest, the small insect simultaneously emits a chemical that signals the rest of the colony to attack


In honeybees, one of the molecules in their pheromone mix is isopentyl acetate or banana oil

Certain insects and animals release pheromones, often as oils or sweat, and other creatures can detect and respond to these compounds.

This allows for a form of silent, purely chemical communication.

Since pheromones were first defined in 1959, scientists have found many examples of pheromonal communication.

The most striking of these signals elicits an immediate behavioural response.

For example, the female silk moth releases a trail of the molecule bombykol, which consistently draws in males from the moment they encounter it.

Slower-acting pheromones can affect the recipient’s reproductive physiology, like in mice, when the alpha-farnesene molecule in male’s urine accelerates puberty in young females.

In honey bees, one of the molecules in their pheromone mixture is isopentyl acetate, which is also known as banana oil because it is made naturally by the banana plant.

The science of wasps and honeybees was explained in a video from Reactions, a YouTube series from the American Chemical Society that uncovers the chemistry in every day life (still from the video shown)

Certain insects and animals release pheromones, often as oils or sweat, and other creatures can detect and respond to these compounds, which allows for a form of silent, purely chemical communication.

Since pheromones were first defined in 1959, scientists have found many examples of pheromonal communication.

In social bees and wasps, pheromones act as an alarm, secreted by some of the group when they think they are in danger

'Both social wasps and honeybees use alarm pheromones to warn their buddies about nearby dangers,' says Ms Cai.

These chemicals are secreted by some of the group when they think they are in danger, like if the nest is disturbed or one of them is killed.

'If a hive or nest is disturbed, guard wasps will send out these guard molecules to rally the troops,' she says.

The rest of the wasps react to the pheromones by swarming out of the nest and attacking the intruder.

In honey bees, one of the molecules in their pheromone mixture is isopentyl acetate, which is also known as banana oil because it is made naturally by the banana plant.

The molecule is often used to produce a banana flavour in foods because it smells like the fruit.

This is why beekeepers will say that a hive of distressed bees smells like bananas.

Because the attacks are triggered by pheromones, beekeepers use smoke from a special dispenser to disguise the smell of the molecules and calm their hives down.

  • Experts say you can dab your 'natural perfume' on your pulse points
  • Writer Allison Ramirez went a step further and had her own perfume made up
  • The Los Angles journalist, writing for Cosmopolitan, tested it out on dates
  • One man kissed her excitedly and said: 'I can't help it. It's that scent you have.'
  • She also reports a cashier in McDonald's being 'a little nicer to me than normal'

Published: 10:34 BST, 1 November 2017 | Updated: 12:18 BST, 1 November 2017

Writer Allison Ramirez had a perfume made up blending her vaginal juices and essential oils

The scent we give off – chemicals known as pheromones – are believed to play a big role in attraction.

One woman has gone to extremes to put this to test: by using her own vaginal secretions as an aphrodisiac perfume to attract men.

After carrying out some research into how, writer Allison Ramirez discovered 'you basically just have to stick a finger down there and then use said finger to dab your "natural perfume" on your pulse points.'

According to the history books, this was a method of seduction used by courtesans of medieval Europe, who spritzed their vaginal secretions behind their ears and necks and on their chests.

But Allison felt this was 'a bit uncivilized' and enlisted the help of a perfume maker to create her own personalised scent.

The '20-something' social media manager tested the product on a string of dates and was pleasantly surprised to find it worked. One romantic encounter ended with a smooch in a photo booth and another led to a text to meet up again.

Here she reveals in more detail all about her encounters armed with her 'secret weapon'.

Courtesans of medieval Europe dabbed their vaginal secretions behind their ears and necks and on their chests (stock photo)

The Los Angeles journalist, writing for Cosmopolitan, carried out an experiment to see if her 'natural scent' made her more attractive to men

Winnifred Cutler, Ph.D. Founded Athena Institute in 1986

Dr. Winnifred Cutler, B.S. in Psychology cum laude from Ursinus College in 1973, earned her Ph.D. in Biology from the University of Pennsylvania in 1979 followed by postdoctoral work in behavioral endocrinology at Stanford University. In 1985 she co-founded the Women's Wellness Program at the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania. She has published over 50 scientific papers, is co-inventor on 5 patents and author of eight books on women's health translated into 7 languages - including her book, Hormones and Your Health: The Smart Woman's Guide to Hormonal and Alternative Therapies for Menopause (April 2009) with essential information for women over age 35 to achieve their 'personal-best' health.

Dr. Cutler's post-doctoral fellowship at Stanford University: founding the Stanford Menopause Study

During the years as a graduate student, Dr. Cutler presented her studies of how lunar cycles influence menstrual cycles and how sexual behavior frequency and timing could be shown to increase or decrease fertility. Dr. Julian Davidson, Professor of Physiology at Stanford had been actively leading a team of researchers studying similar issues in small mammals and invited her to do postdoctoral research in his lab in order to test what happened as men and women aged to the patterns already shown in younger women. The new technique of testing blood for hormone levels had just been established and his lab was using this radioimmunoassay method. Together they wrote a grant application that was funded to launch the Stanford Menopause Study.

This was the first study in the United States to investigate the perimenopausal changes in estrogen and testosterone and how these hormonal levels and their changes might relate to changing patterns of sexual behavior widely recognized in aging persons but not yet formally studied. Eventually, Norma McCoy a Professor at San Francisco State University joined their investigation.

Several hundred California women enrolled in the study once it was announced that an investigation was underway to evaluate the changing patterns of sexual life in intact (no pelvic surgery) women from their 40's on. Two seminal findings emerged.

In addition, so many women who were not intact, asked to be studied that Dr. Cutler began evaluating what they were saying. She learned that these hysterectomized women seemed to be suffering a host of sexual deficits that their physicians did not know how to help as no science had yet been conducted. That realization generated a 35-year pursuit, which Dr. Cutler began to investigate the impact of sexual behavior, the suggestion by clinicians that they undergo surgery, and the choices women make about hormones and other health practices.

Dr. Cutler comments on her experience as a graduate student with Celso-Ramon Garcia, M.D.

My former mentor, Celso-Ramon Garcia, MD, died Feb. 1, 2004 at the age 82. His many obituaries chronicle his important role early in his career clinically investigating the first oral contraceptive, &ldquoThe Pill&rdquo. Dr. Garcia was an incisive intellect and a peerless surgeon who trained many outstanding gynecologic surgeons. His impact on women's reproductive health was historic. His impact on my path as a scientist was profound. We were coauthors on many research papers and 3 books. In one of them, Menopause: A Guide for Women and the Men Who Love Them, the preface states:

December 1985, Dr. Cutler and Dr. Garcia co-founded the Women's Wellness Program at the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania

HUPDATE, the newsletter of the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, p.11 stated:


Hospital staff and invited guests [celebrated] the opening of the Women's Wellness Program on November 4.

Dr. Charles Buck [Executive Director of HUP's Board of Trustees] congratulated the founding directors of the program, Celso-Ramon Garcia, MD and Winnifred Berg Cutler, PhD. ***

With the background of having established Philadelphia's first complete family planning service, the area's leading infertility clinic, a well-recognized conservational gynecologic surgical attitude, and a continuing motivation to improve health care of women, Dr. Garcia, medical director, and Dr. Cutler, research director, are organizing the Women's Wellness Program. This program focuses specifically on health concerns of women over the age of 30.***

The colleagues, who have been associated since Cutler first came to Penn as a graduate student, say that they hope to achieve a &ldquodynamic interaction&rdquo by wedding research to clinical practice. ***

In addition, a staff of Penn experts and consultants will provide women with comprehensive services that, according to Dr. Cutler, differ from those offered in other centers. Women in the program will have a complete, individual health evaluation twice a year. Dr. Garcia sums up the team's philosophy: &ldquoWe consider health a birthright. Thus, we aim to provide excellent care the care that women deserve.&rdquo

Groundbreaking Research on Women's Health with her colleague and friend, the late Elizabeth Genovese, M.D.

Dr. Elizabeth Genovese, with Dr. Cutler, conceptualized a program for overall health, a 'prescription for wellness' to include a 2 hour physical evaluation, health maintenance overview, and methods of incorporating nutritional and exercise habits to ensure well-being.

Dr. Genovese, received her bachelor's degree Phi Beta Kappa from Harvard University, M.D. and MBA degrees from the University of Pennsylvania and was board certified in Internal Medicine.

" Her intellectual output was dazzling and she was an extraordinary colleague. Elizabeth was an astonishing force, a contributor to our work on women's wellness, a scholar, a physician, and a loving mother to her children. I do miss her."

Dr. Genovese co-authored many scientific papers with Dr. Cutler on kyphosis, stress urinary incontinence and sexuality. They wrote, Wellness in Women After 40: The Role of Sex Hormones and Pheromones in 2000., for Current Problems in OB/GYN, Mosby, Inc. (120pp, 250 refs).

Research in the 1980's and the Pheromone Discovery

The Washington Post , 11/18/86. Pheromones Discovered in Humans (Page One)

"Scientists in Philadelphia have established for the first time that the human body produces pheromones."

Also in 1986, her co-discovery of human pheromones received major news coverage in Time (12/1/86), Newsweek (1/12/87) and a front page story in the Washington Post newspaper, (11/18/86) because it established the first scientific proof that human pheromones affect the relationship between men and women.

"It's remarkable. A very clear pattern has been emerging and it confirms that a woman's optimal reproductive health is a part of a finely tuned system and that a man, on a regular and sustained basis, is an essential part of it," said Cutler, who has led the research effort.

"It wasn't clear until our most recent studies how important male essence really is," she said, "but now that we know this, it helps to explain our earlier findings. You might say that exposure to pheromones is the essence of sex."

Pheromone Discovery -- Media Highlights

The Chemistry Between People: Are Our Bodies Affected by Another Person&rsquos Scent?

Now two new studies are stirring up the pheromone debate with the boldest claims yet. Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania and the Monell Chemical Senses Center, a nonprofit research institute in Philadelphia, say that people produce underarm pheromones that can influence menstrual cycles.

The studies, done by chemist George Preti and biologist Winnifred B. Cutler, are not the first of their kind, but they are the first ones rigorous enough to be published in a respected scientific journal, Hormones and Behavior.

Cutler's conclusion: " Male essence" contains at least one pheromone that "helps promote reproductive health". for more details click here

Time Magazine, 12/1/86

Studies find that male pheromones are good for women's health

Last week Philadelphia researchers weighed in with two reports showing that scents, including underarm odors, do indeed affect menstrual cycles. The reports came with a kicker: male scents play a role in maintaining the health of women, particularly the health of the female reproductive system. Researchers at the Monell Chemical Senses Center and the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine have found that women who have sex with men at least once a week are more likely to have normal menstrual cycles, fewer infertility problems and a milder menopause than celibate women and women who have sex rarely or sporadically.

So the researchers were hardly tentative about the meaning of it all. "What we're saying here is that men are really important for women," said Winnifred Cutler, a biologist and specialist in behavioral endocrinology who conducted the study along with Organic Chemist George Preti. "If you look at all the data, the conclusion is compelling. A man or his essence seems essential for an optimally fertile system."

USA Today, 11/19/86

The Real Chemical Reaction Between the Sexes

Chemicals in men's bodies can cause their female sex partners to be more fertile, have more regular menstrual cycles and milder menopause, landmark research shows. And women who have sex with men at least once a week benefit most from the chemicals, which apparently work through the sense of smell .

"The exciting part is the effect we have on each other. Men are important to women," says Dr. Winnifred B. Cutler of Philadelphia, whose studies show for the first time that chemicals called pheromones exist in humans. Pheromones have long been known to exist in animals, as scents that attract sex partners. Cutler's new studies. show women are affected by pheromones from men and women: for more details click here

While at UPenn and then Stanford University.

A third study Dr. Cutler completed while in graduate school was the first to bear out the conventional wisdom that fertile women's menstrual cycles are tied to the phases of the moon. all three studies were published. She went on to start the Stanford Menopause Study with Julian Davidson, where she found that regular heterosexual activity increased estrogen levels and reduced or eliminated hot flashes in menopausal women, and delayed the onset of menopause for women in their 40's.

Dr. Cutler became a proponent of hormone replacement therapy as a result of her work at Stanford. Her studies of the biomedical research, primarily from Europe, suggested that hormone replacement therapy could prevent or halt osteoporosis, most cardiovascular disease to which women are subject to after menopause, hot flashes and other symptoms of 'the change'.

Athena Pheromone Products: Developed, Tested, and Launched
(please click on bold type for details)

In 1993 Dr. Cutler formulated, tested and marketed a pheromone cosmetic fragrance additive for women, Athena Pheromone 10:13tm and in 1995, an aftershave additive for men, Athena Pheromone 10Xtm.

A Message from Dr. Cutler,
" Athena Pheromone 10:13&trade is the cosmetic fragrance additive for women I developed to enhance your sexual attractiveness to men. Based on my pheromone research that began in 1981, I have managed the synthesis of human pheromones into a cosmetic to be added to your favorite fragrance. Pheromones are airborne "messenger substances" that your body emits, triggering responses from men.

Athena Pheromone 10:13&trade can enhance the "sexual attractiveness" of women who combine it with a favorite perfume or cologne as directed. Although 10:13 may not work for every woman, used as directed, it should work for most. Science's "gold standard" test of whether a product works is called a double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Athena Pheromone 10:13&trade has two published 8 week studies (2002 study click here, 2004 study click here) demonstrating its effectiveness in increasing a women's sexual attractiveness to men.

And Athena Pheromone 10X&trade for men has an 8 week double blind published study proving increased attractiveness to women. I am unaware of any cosmetic that boasts of ONE such double blind, placebo controlled 8 week study proving effectiveness published in a scientific peer reviewed journal. Athena Pheromones have THREE such gold standard published studies."

Dr. Cutler's Pheromone 'Love Potion' Attracts the Media Media Highlights Since 1993.

In 1993, after the launch of her women's pheromone cosmetic,, Dr. Winnifred Cutler Appears on National TV Talk Show, "Montel Williams" discussing Athena Pheromone 10:13tm for Women. See video excerpt.

Montel: Wait a minute. I am not doing an infomercial for this, I mean it. These ladies tried this on in an experiment&hellipand you&rsquore saying it really works.

Susie: It worked. They&rsquod follow you around. In my office, I&rsquove been working there for years and all of a sudden the guys are paying attention to me (click here for more)

Over the years, Dr. Cutler's pheromone research and Athena Pheromone products have been featured in major media venues on television and online, in magazines, and newspapers:

click titles for more details

    "Love is in the Air" Dr. Cutler's interview with best-selling author Dr. Christiane Northrup . "A Nose for Lust: Conducting a Field Test on Pheromones " By Henry Alford
  • May 26, 2015. "I wore 'pheromone perfume' for a week to turn myself into a sex goddess" By Taryn Hillin
  • February 24, 2015. "I Tried a Pheromone Potion and Didn't Tell My Boyfriend" By Faith Xu
  • October, 2014. "A Pheromone Spray Test Drive" By Trace Barnhill (2008) "Animal Attraction" by By Judith Newman
    "Are Pheromones a Secret Weapon for Dating?" "Sex Without Estrogen: Remedies for the Midlife Mind And Body" "Got Pheromones? Get Affection"
    "FAME OR SHAME? 'Twins Test' of Athena Pheromones" "Sniffing out a Mate: Signals in Our Sweat" "Personal Best: A Guide to Health"
    10X study "Pheromone Cologne Increases Sexual Activity"

As a research author Dr. Cutler's books on women's health

(please click on book titles for more details)

In 2009, after six years of research and writing, Dr. Cutler's most recent book on the hormonal health of women over 35 was published. "Hormones and Your Health: The Smart Woman's Guide to Hormonal and Alternative Therapies for Menopause" (John Wiley & Sons, Inc.) presents state of the art research, exciting medical breakthroughs, and current information on topics such as nutrition, hormone replacement therapy, bone and womb preservation, breast cancer and mammography, and overall health for women and their physicians to help as an essential guide to better health practices. "Fearing malpractice attorneys, your doctor may practice 'defensive medicine' by ordering redundant, expensive tests. You need to take charge of your own health and well being consult with the best medical people you can find and decide which recommendations to accept, (identify) the economic interests behind the recommendations.

"Winnifred Cutler's message is clear, precise and correct that women have choices as far as hormone therapy is concerned and they are in charge. "

Alan De Cherney, M.D. Editor in Chief, Fertility and Sterility and branch chief at NIH research

In Menopause: A Guide for Women and Those Who Love Them (Norton) . and in Hysterectomy: Before and After (HarperCollins), she helps women experiencing fundamental hormonal and physiological changes take charge of their well-being.

With her mentor, the late Celso Ramon-Garcia, M.D., Dr. Cutler wrote the medical textbook, The Medical Management of Menopause and Premenopause: Their Endocrinologic Basis in 1984, which received very positive journal reviews.

In, Love Cycles: The Science of Intimacy (Villard/Random House), she chronicles her discovery of human pheromones, and helps readers enjoy greater intimacy. In Searching for Courtship: The Smart Woman&rsquos Guide to Finding a Good Husband (Villard/Random House), she teaches women how to enjoy the process of finding a good husband starting from the biological basics.

Scientific Presentations, Publications, and Awards Over the Years (please click on titles/bold print for more details)

  • Dr. Cutler published her papers marking the discovery of lunar and menstrual phase locking in 1980 in the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, and 1987 (with colleagues) in the journal, Human Biology,

Outreach and Mission of Athena Institute

  • In June 2000, Athena Institute awarded a research grant to Cindy Meston, Ph.D. of the University of Texas at Austin, published in Archives of Sexual Behavior (2004), 'The Effects of Hysterectomy on Sexual Arousal in Women With a History of Benign Uterine Fibroids.'

Dr. Cutler's Research Focus Over the Years includes:

Women's Health

    the 'Right Regimen' of sequential bioidentical HRT

Breast Cancer
    1. Mortality reduction in breast cancer is a result of improved medical care, not from mammograms
    2. Routine mammograms produce overdiagnosis that may cause more harm than good for women.
    3. Women should question recommendations of routine mammogram screening since annual clinical exams (without mammography) can find disease early without overdiagnosis that leads to unneeded and potentially harmful treatments.

    Essential Messages for Women and their Physicians:

    Dr. Cutler's cover paper in Menopause Management attacks
    the practice of routinely removing ovaries in hysterectomies over age 40. In Nov/Dec 1996 issue, titled Oophorectomy at Hysterectomy
    after Age 40? A Practice That Does Not
    Withstand Scrutiny
    . Her opening paragraph states:

    Before research papers began revealing many negative effects, the routine removal of healthy ovaries at hysterectomy was widely practiced in North America in the 70s and 80s. Today, research available through a simple Medline search leads me to seriously question the rationality and ethical propriety (in the post forty-year old woman) of routinly removing healthy ovaries during a hysterectomy in the 99% cases with less than 1% risk of developing ovarian cancer." Dr. Cutler points out that removing ovaries is 'castration'.

    The quality of life for postmenopausal women who are experiencing a decline in attractiveness related to aging. can be significantly enhanced. Drs. Cutler and Genovese, published in the journal Climacteric (2002), that 'Sex attractant pheromones may have the capacity to restore the subtle chemistry of this equation, much as hormonal replacement therapy helps to stem the tide of other menopausal declines.' And outlined the five theoretical factors of attraction:

    1) Physical appearance and grooming
    2) Social skills - flirting, bodily grace, confidence
    3) Sexual motivation and interest in romantic contact and lovemaking
    4) Sexual skills
    5) Excretion of sex attractant pheromones.

    Menopause declines occur in the physical, the motivational, and the pheromonal components. Because topically applied pheromones increase hugging, petting and affectionate contact with men, they have the potential to improve the quality of life (romantic and overall well-being) for postmenopausal women.

    Dr. Cutler, with co-authors Drs. Burki, Kolter and Chambliss, published an article on Jan. 28, 2013 in the International Menopause Society's IN FOCUS website service, with these 3 "take home messages":

    1) Mortality reduction in breast cancer is a result of improved medical care, not from mammograms

    2) Routine mammograms produce overdiagnosis that may cause more harm than good for women

    3) Women should question recommendations of routine mammogram screening since annual clinical exams (without mammography) can find disease early without overdiagnosis that leads to unneeded and potentially harmful treatments.

    You are in charge of your health. No one else should do it for you. No one else can feel what you feel when your energy is soaring, your sense of joy is boundless, your bones and muscles are vibrant as you stand erect and move gracefully through your days, and your immune system is strong.

    Don't accept less than what is best for you. If a doctor keeps you sitting in the waiting room for an hour past your appointment, without explanation or apology, that treatment is disrespectful. Find a doctor who respects you.

    Fertile women (who rarely experience cardiovascular disease) have a normal estrogen-progesterone cycle, in which progesterone is absent the first half of each month, but estrogen circulates every day: what I call Nature's Design.

    Very few research studies have considered mimicking nature in
    testing regimens of hormones, but the few that have done so provide compelling evidence for the wisdom's of nature's design. I favor estrogen therapy taken daily through a nonswallowed route and natural progesterone taken sequentially the second half of each month. Such regimens can
    produce very good physiological results.

      Dr. Cutler is a current or past member of, and has presented her research over the years to: the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, the International Menopause Society, the International Society of Psychoneuroendocrinology, the North American Menopause Society, the American Society for Reproductive Medicine, and the Society for Behavioral Medicine.

    Subtle but Strong Influence

    If you're looking for the man or woman of your dreams, unsuspecting pheromones in your body scent are most likely playing a large and very clever role in mate attraction. According to an article in "Psychology Today," how our body odors are perceived as pleasant and sexy to another person is a highly selective process. We usually smell best to a person whose genetically based immunity to disease differs most from our own. This could benefit you in the long run, making for stronger, healthier children.

    Seventy-four percent of the people who tested a commercial pheromone called Athena, developed by Dr. Cutler, experienced an increase in hugging, kissing and sexual intercourse. Maybe the best advice to those looking for a mate or wanting to take their relationship to a new level is to take a good long sniff!

    Watch the video: Pheromone Test Day 1: Meeting Girls At the Night Club (June 2022).


  1. Osweald

    This here, if I'm not mistaken.

  2. Shunnar

    I congratulate, the bright idea and timely

  3. Ladislav

    Indeed, and how I had not thought about it before

  4. Banner

    The excellent answer, gallantly :)

  5. Cassivellaunus

    To fill a blank?

  6. Weldon

    I mean it's falsehood.

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