Latin name: Cricetinae
size: 5 - 30cm
mass: 100 - 600g
Older: maximum 2 years
Sexual dimorphism: Yes
Nutrition type: predominantly herbivores (herbivor)
food: Plants, roots, crops, seeds, insects
distribution: Europe and Asia
original origin: North Africa
Sleep-wake rhythm: twilight and nocturnal
habitat: Deserts, steppes
natural enemies: Owls, birds of prey, weasels
sexual maturity: after 1 - 2 months
mating season: January - March
gestation: 16 - 20 days
litter size: 1 - 12 cubs
social behavior: Loners
Threatened with extinction: No
Further profiles of animals can be found in the Encyclopaedia.
Also of interest is the comparison of hamsters and guinea pigs.
Interesting facts about the hamster
- Hamsters carry found food with their cheek pockets. When creating supplies, therefore, they do not have to return immediately to their construction with every grain found.
- The man-made golden hamster originates from Syria and is therefore also called Syrian golden hamster.
- Hamsters are loners. Only in the mating season males and females come together.
- In 1930, the first breeding and domestication of hamsters began in Israel. The majority of all golden hamsters living today comes from this breed (starting size of only four animals!)
- The small teeth of a hamster grow his whole life long. In the wild, this is not a problem because the teeth are naturally worn out. Human-held hamsters often experience problems because the food they eat does not force their teeth hard enough to wear off enough.
- In the wild, hamsters grow large supplies (up to 50kg). The term "something hamsters" has its origin in exactly this behavior.
- As a post-active animals hamsters are not suitable as a pet for small children.
- Hamsters create underground passages and various chambers. There are sleeping chambers, pantries and "toilets". The tunnel system always has several exits, so that the hamster can escape at any time.
- The size of the hamster varies greatly according to the species. The smallest hamster reaches only a size of 10cm (short-tailed hamster), the largest hamster can be up to 35cm (hamster).
- With the facial hair (Vibrissen) a hamster can easily orient itself in its dark corridors.