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Surname: Painted Lady
Other names: /
Latin name: Vanessa cardui
size: about 6 cm (wing span)
Older: about 1 year
Appearance: Wing tips black with white spots and spots, forewings and hind wings orange to light brown
Sexual dimorphism: No
Nutrition typePhotos: Nectareater (nektarivor)
original origin: unknown
Sleep-wake rhythm: diurnal
habitat: Forest edges and grasslands
natural enemies: various species of birds
sexual maturity: after the full development to the butterfly
mating season: July August
oviposition: about 50 eggs
social behavior: Loners
Threatened with extinction: No
Further profiles of animals can be found in the Encyclopaedia.
Interesting about the painted lady
- The Painted Lady or Vanessa cardui describes a butterfly, which is counted among the noble folds.
- It is distributed worldwide and is missing only in South America and at the South and North Pole.
- It can be found in the plains as well as in altitude of up to three thousand meters. Originally dotted in subtropical steppes of North Africa, painted lady's-to-be found in their seasonal hikes in the summer up to Scandinavia.
- In Central Europe, painted ladies fly from April to the end of September.
- The painted lady is unmistakable due to the eye-catching drawing on the wings. The wing tips are colored black and covered with white spots and dots. The forewing and the entire hindwing are yellowish to light brown in color and show rows of black spots.
- Body and wings appear clearly lighter on the underside than on the top.
- The wingspan of the Painted Lady is a maximum of six centimeters.
- Adult butterflies are not fussy about choosing their flower nectar, but are especially attracted to the butterfly lilac and thistle flowers.
- The caterpillars feed on the leaves of thistles and stinging nettles, mallow family, cucurbits and other herbaceous plants.
- The females therefore stick their eggs directly to the underside of the leaves of these plants.
- The eggs are of gray color, of oval to conical form and show grooves along the long sides.
- The dark gray or black caterpillars are littered with short yellow or brown, strongly branched thorns and show yellowish lines on the back.
- To protect themselves from predators, the caterpillars from leaves of the forage plant spin a nest that they do not leave.
- After a feeding period of about four weeks, the caterpillars pupate. After another two weeks, the finished moths hatch out of the brown doll shells.
- The first generation appears mostly in April or May, the second in August. As soon as the temperatures drop towards the beginning of October, the Painted Ladies make their way into the southern wintering areas.
- Those moths that remain in colder regions usually die in winter.