Surname: Stinging nettle
Latin name: Urtica
Other names: Nettle
plant family: Nettle plant
Number of species: about 30 species
circulation area: worldwide
Location of the plant: nitrogen-rich soil
Blдtter: arriving in due course; saftgrьn; with burning hair
Blьtezeit: June - October
Hцhe: 1 - 3m
Older: one-year and several years
use: Medicinal plant
characteristics: increasing blood circulation
Plant information: stinging nettle
nettles belong to the family of nettle plants and are distributed worldwide. Apart from the Antarctic, there are nettle plants all over the world. These special plants can grow up to 300cm in height and grow as well in temperate areas as in the tropics or mountains. Altogether there are thirty different types of stinging nettles. Stinging nettles are Nitrogen indicator plants; Where they grow particularly well, the soil is rich in nitrogen.
The stinging nettle has a characteristic and very aromatic taste and is odorless. In Central Europe, especially the Great Nettle (Urtica dioica) and the Small Nettle (Urtica urens) occur. The nettle is known mainly for its stinging hairsthat can be extremely unpleasant for the person. The stinging hairs that are on the shoot and the leaves serve as Protection against predators, These are small tubes which form a point towards the top and form a kind of cup at the bottom Ameisensдure is filled. If you touch a stinging nettle, the pebble of burning hair breaks off, the tip penetrates into the skin and the acid is sprayed off. This protective mechanism of the nettle leads to slight inflammation and wheal on the affected skin.
Despite the sometimes unpleasant effect of the nettle on the skin, this plant should not be underestimated. Since ancient times, the nettle is considered medicinal plant, Already at that time it was used for the treatment of rheumatic diseases and gout. The roots and leaves of the stinging nettle stimulate the circulation, which may improve painful conditions such as gout or rheumatism. Also known is the dehumidifying effect of the nettle. This is especially helpful for cystitis and kidney inflammation; Nettle tea is considered a proven home remedy in these cases.
This information is for scholastic work only and is not intended to identify edible or inedible herbs. Eat or Never use herbs found without proper knowledge!
Pictures: stinging nettle